8:46: A number becomes a potent symbol of police brutality

MINNEAPOLIS (AP) — All protest movements have slogans. George Floyd’s has a number: 8:46

Eight minutes, 46 seconds is the length of time prosecutors say Floyd, a 46-year-old black man, was pinned to the ground under a white Minneapolis police officer’s knee before he died last week.

In the days since, outraged protesters, politicians and mourners have seized on the detail as a quiet way to honor Floyd at a time of angry and sometimes violent clashes with police. Even as prosecutors have said little about how they arrived at the precise number, it has fast grown into a potent symbol of the suffering Floyd — and many other black men — have experienced at the hands of police.

In Boston and Tacoma, Washington, demonstrators this week lay down on streets staging “die-ins” for precisely 8 minutes, 46 seconds. Companies, including ViacomCBS and Google, used the time span in their shows of solidarity.

In Washington, Democratic senators on Thursday gathered in the U.S. Capitol’s Emancipation Hall, some standing, some kneeling on the marbled floor for the nearly nine minutes of silence.

Mourners at a memorial service for Floyd in Minneapolis on Thursday stood in silence for 8 minutes, 46 seconds, asked by the Rev. Al Sharpton to “think about what George was going through, laying there for those eight minutes, begging for his life.”

“We can’t let this go,” he said. “We can’t keep living like this.”

Pausing for a full 8 minutes, 46 seconds helps turn the abstract into a reality, said Monica Cannon-Grant, the founder of Violence in Boston Inc., which organized a Tuesday protest that included the minutes of silence.

“You find that that’s an extremely long time to have someone have their knee in the side of your neck,” Cannon-Grant said.

As she observed the silence, she said found herself thinking about the safety of her family.

“All kinds of things were going through my head,” she said. “Mainly that I was the mom of four black sons and I’m married to a black man.”

Some of the power in the number comes from its striking specificity. In a criminal complaint charging Officer Derek Chauvin in Floyd’s murder, prosecutors say they know precisely how long Floyd was pinned to the ground.

“The defendant had his knee on Mr. Floyd’s neck for 8 minutes and 46 seconds in total. Two minutes and 53 seconds of this was after Mr. Floyd was non-responsive,” the complaint concludes. “Police are trained that this type of restraint with a subject in a prone position is inherently dangerous.”

But the timestamps cited in the document’s description of the incident, much of which is caught on video, indicate a different tally. Using those, Chauvin had his knee on Floyd for 7 minutes, 46 seconds, including 1 minute, 53 seconds after Floyd appeared to stop breathing.

Full Coverage: Days of Unrest

Prosecutors involved in the case have not responded to questions about the discrepancy.

On Thursday, John Stiles, a spokesman for the attorney general’s office — which is leading the prosecution in the case — said the office has reviewed additional video footage “since the original complaint was filed.”

“There is more evidence to review and the attorney general’s office is continuing to review it,” he said.

Prosecutors repeated their timeline and the 8 minutes, 46 seconds detail in charges filed Wednesday against other officers involved.

In this case, one minute is unlikely to have a major legal significance.

“Seven minutes is a long time to have a knee on someone’s neck regardless,” said Jared Fishman, a former federal civil rights prosecutor. That said, Fishman said it’s a detail defense lawyers will scrutinize in court.

For those who hold up the number as part of a peaceful call for change, the precise length of time is beside the point: “It should never have happened to begin with,” Cannon-Grant said.

It would not be the first time that a detail takes on a life of its own.

After the 2014 death of Michael Brown, word spread in the community that the black 18-year-old had his hands up in surrender when he was shot by a white police officer. The chant “Hands up. Don’t shoot!” quickly became a rallying cry for protesters both in the St. Louis suburb and across the country.

But it never was clear whether Brown actually raised his hands. There were no videos or photos of the shooting. Some witnesses swore to a grand jury that his hands were raised while others swore they were not. Officer Darren Wilson testified to grand jurors that Brown was charging at him, with one hand clenched at his side and the other under his shirt, when Wilson fired the fatal shots.

Several protesters said it didn’t matter if Brown’s hands literally were raised, because his death remained symbolic of wider racial injustices at the hands of police.


Associated Press writer Lisa Mascaro contributed from Washington. LeBlanc reported from Boston.

346 Replies to “8:46: A number becomes a potent symbol of police brutality”

  1. Pingback: viagra for men
  2. Pingback: buy viagra canada
  3. Pingback: purchase viagra
  4. Pingback: viagra dosage
  5. Greetings, There’s no doubt that your blog could be having browser compatibility issues. Whenever I look at your blog in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping issues. I merely wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other than that, fantastic website!

  6. Everyone loves what you guys tend to be up too. This sort of clever work and reporting! Keep up the amazing works guys I’ve added you guys to my personal blogroll.

  7. Hi there! I could have sworn I’ve visited this site before but after browsing through a few of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Regardless, I’m certainly pleased I found it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back often!

  8. Its such as you learn my mind! You seem to understand so much approximately this, such as you wrote the guide in it or something. I think that you simply can do with a few % to power the message house a little bit, however other than that, this is great blog. An excellent read. I will certainly be back.

  9. I’ll right away take hold of your rss as I can not find your e-mail subscription link or newsletter service. Do you have any? Please let me understand so that I may subscribe. Thanks.

  10. Pingback: cheap viagra
  11. It’s the best time to make a few plans for the longer term and it is time to be happy. I’ve learn this post and if I may just I want to recommend you few interesting things or suggestions. Maybe you can write next articles regarding this article. I want to read even more things about it!

  12. Pingback: tadalafil
  13. Pingback: RxTrustPharm
  14. Hello, I think your site might be having browser compatibility
    issues. When I look at your blog site in Firefox, it looks
    fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping.
    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, awesome blog! https://www.wisig.org/

  15. Pingback: Cialis 10mg nz
  16. Pingback: levitra 20 mg nz
  17. During intimate arousal, element oxide (NO) is discharged from spunk terminals and endothelial cells in the
    principal cavernosum. NO activates guanylate cyclase to
    change over deoxyguanosine triphosphate (GTP) into cycle deoxyguanosine
    monophosphate (cGMP), triggering a cGMP-drug-addicted
    cascade of events. The accretion of cGMP leads to smooth-muscularity loosening in the corpus cavernosum and increased profligate flowing to the member. http://lm360.us/

  18. Pingback: propecia 5 mg uk
  19. Hey I am so excited I found your site, I really found you by mistake, while I
    was browsing on Aol for something else, Anyways
    I am here now and would just like to say many thanks for a fantastic post
    and a all round entertaining blog (I also love
    the theme/design), I don’t have time to look over it all at the minute but I have saved
    it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a great deal
    more, Please do keep up the excellent job. https://buszcentrum.com/

  20. Pingback: rx trust pharm
  21. Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve visited your blog before but after looking at a few of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m certainly delighted I found it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back frequently!

  22. Pingback: cialistodo.com
  23. Pingback: arimidex 1 mg usa
  24. I love what you guys tend to be up too. This kind of clever work and coverage! Keep up the great works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to our blogroll.

  25. Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to far added agreeable from you! By the way, how can we communicate?

  26. Pingback: rxtrustpharm.com
  27. Pingback: Premarin 0,3 mg nz
  28. Pingback: cialis cost
  29. Pingback: rxtrust pharm
  30. Pingback: viagra 200mg
  31. Pingback: mestinon otc

please let me know if you like my content